Nicola Sturgeon has called for “pragmatism and patience” from independence supporters in her SNP conference speech.
The Scottish first minister said she was “more confident than ever” that Scotland would become independent.
She added that members must “wait for the fog of Brexit to clear” and work to win over people who voted No in 2014.
Ms Sturgeon also announced new policies on nursing, infrastructure, fair work and support for the homeless.
The first minister was speaking on the final day of the SNP’s three-day conference in Glasgow.
She used her speech to hit out at “unfolding calamity” and “despair” at Westminster, contrasting this by painting an independent Scotland as “a beacon of progressive values”.
The SNP leader kicked off the conference by announcing that the party’s 35 MPs at Westminster would vote in favour of a new referendum on Brexit, were such a question to be tabled at Parliament.
And she closed it with a speech also packed with constitutional arguments, describing Brexit as a “serious problem” and repeatedly promoting the cause of independence.
Ms Sturgeon hailed the “passion” of independence supporters, nodding to the tens of thousands who marched through Edinburgh the day before the conference began.
She said: “Our job is to take that passion and blend it with pragmatism, perseverance and patience to persuade those not yet persuaded.
“If we do that, then believe me – the momentum for independence will be unstoppable.”
Ms Sturgeon went on to say that “the future relationship between the UK and the EU will determine the context in which Scotland would become independent”.
She said: “But as we wait – impatiently, at times, I know – for this phase of negotiations to conclude and for the fog of Brexit to clear, be in no doubt about this.
“The last two years have shown why Scotland needs to be independent. And I am more confident than ever that Scotland will be independent.”
The UK government has placed itself in opposition to a second referendum either on independence or on Brexit.
The prime minister’s official spokeswoman said Scotland “had an independence referendum four years ago and voted decisively to remain in the UK”, adding that “now is not the time” for a fresh vote.
Ms Sturgeon announced some new policies in her speech, including:
- increased bursaries for trainee nurses, of up to £10,000 by 2020
- more money for Social Bite to tackle homelessness
- a new “fair work first” strategy of investment in skills and training and payment of the living wage
- an “advanced manufacturing fund” to help small businesses modernise and grow
She said: “I don’t really think of Scotland as a small country – I think of it as a big family.
“And yes, that does mean the occasional disagreement. But throughout it all, we care for one another.
“We fight each other’s corner, we’ve got big hearts, and we’re not afraid to show love. And there is so much about Scotland to love.”
Earlier on Tuesday, the Scottish government’s Brexit secretary, Mike Russell, also urged activists to be patient over a second independence referendum, which he said should only take place when voters are “persuaded, ready and determined to win”.
Mr Russell had earlier been confronted by an SNP councillor at a fringe event who said members were “very frustrated with constantly being told to just wait”, saying there was “a sense that time is slipping away”.
The MSP said: “Our job as a party and as a government is to both make sure that Scotland flourishes, no matter the circumstances but also to ensure that – at the right moment – the choice of independence can be made.
“The right moment – not the most comfortable moment or the moment that best relieves our natural impatience. The moment at which our country is persuaded, ready and determined to win.”